Conditions and treatments


Rigshospitalet’s Department of Pediatric Surgery has national and regional functions; all surgery on children under the age of 2 must be performed at Rigshospitalet for anaesthesiological reasons within pediatric surgery. 

The department has national and regional functions in Denmark for the following diseases:

  • Bladder ectopy
  • Epispadias
  • Urogenal sinus
  • Severe malformations in the tractus genitalis
  • Atresia ani
  • Congenital abnormalities in the digestive tract
  • Congenital abnormalities in the upper and lower urinary tract
  • Neonatal and prenatal urology
  • Bilateral abdominal testicular retention
  • Hypospadia
  • Solid soft tissue tumours
  • Urological problems in connection with myelomeningocele
  • Intersex conditions


Pediatric surgery includes diagnostic evaluation, treatment and check-up of children with congenital and acquired diseases and injuries in the oesophagus, the digestive tract, liver, the biliary tract, pancreas, urinary tract and genital organs. Below is a list of some of the diseases the department treats.

  • Biliary tract atresia - a congenital defect in the biliary tract 
  • Gastroschisis - a congenital abdominal wall defect 
  • Hypospadia - boys with this disease have the opening for urine on the underside of the penis
  • Hydronephrosis - distention of the renal pelvis
  • Oesophageal atresia - a congenital defect of the oesophagus
  • Morbus Hirschsprung - a congenital malformation of the rectum
  • Testicular retention - undescended testes
  • Eructation and vomiting

In addition the Department of Pediatric Surgery offers a wide range of treatments in the specialist outpatient departments.

Specialist outpatient departments
Pediatric gastroenterology outpatient department
An outpatient department for children with discomforts in the oesophagus and stomach
Patient categories: 

  • Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux (GOR)
  • Eating and swallowing difficulties
  • Vomiting and difficulties emptying the stomach
  • Obstipation and slow barium swallow
  • Defecation problems

The examination programme consists of:

  • Oesophagogastroduodenoscopy
  • 24-48 h oesphageal pH-/motility examination
  • Oesophageal manometry
  • X-ray examination of the digestive tract
  • Anorectal manometry
  • Colonic manometry
  • Determination of colonic transit time

Biliary tract atresia outpatient department
An independent nursing care outpatient department for children suffering from biliary tract atresia

VIBU - Specialist outpatient department
Knowledge and Practice Centre for Incontinence in Children and Young People treats and nurses the following diseases in children:

Constipated children

  • Many children suffer from constipation, and in most cases this is not due to a disease. Even though constipation is not caused by a disease, it is important that we follow the children and offer them treatment.

Incontinent children

  • Incontinence may have physical or psychological causes. The department examines the individual child and offers individual treatment.

Children with congenital abnormalities and children with diseases in the intestinal tract

  • Many of these children will get a temporary ostomy (the intestine is brought through a hole in the stomach).

Children with congenital or acquired nerve damage and neurological diseases

  • Many children find it very uncomfortable to be examined in and around the anus opening, so only the examinations of rectum that are necessary for the treatment will be carried out. The department talks to the child and its parents about diet, lifestyle and bowel movement patterns. These conversations form the basis of individual treatment, which is adjusted and tailored continuously.
  • Treatment of a child may include a change of diet, toilet training, perhaps medical treatment, training of various forms of rinsing/purgation procedures through the anus opening, guidance on possible aids, training of the sphincter.Children who have had surgery in the anorectal region undergo subsequent outpatient treatment which is to prevent narrowing of the surgical wound.
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