At the department, disorders localized to the central nervous system, peripheral nervous system and muscles, are examined to ascertain diagnosis, cause of the disease and effects of treatment:
Disorders of the central nervous system
Such disorders are examined using electroencephalography (EEG) and motor and sensory-evoked potentials. The disorders include epilepsy, multiple sclerosis and degenerative diseases of the brain and spinal cord. Patients are referred for diagnostic evaluation and include children and adults. The clinical presentation vary from ambulatory to deeply comatose. The Department of Neurophysiology collaborates on monitoring of epilepsy with the “Epilepsy Monitoring Unit”. Additionally patients are examined at their bedsides in accordance with the clinical requirements.
Patients with dystonia (involuntary movements) are examined with electromyography (EMG) to ascertain which muscels to treat with injection of botulinum toxin.
Peripheral nervous system
Patients with various types of peripheral nerve disorders ranging from inflammatory polyneuropathies to degenerative diseases and physical injury are examined by EMG and nerve conduction studies (NCS) at the department and at the bedside according to clinical requirements.
Diseases localized to muscle and the neuromuscular junction are examined in the department through specialized single fiber EMG, rutine EMG and repetitive stimulation. These disorders include muscular dystrophy, inflammatory muscle disorders and myasthenia gravis.