Conditions and treatments


The Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine is responsible for treatment of children within the following areas:

  • Paediatric cardiology
  • Paediatric rheumatology
  • Hepatology
  • Infection paediatrics
  • International paediatrics
  • Bone marrow transplant
  • Chronic lung disorders
  • Nephrology
  • Neuropaediatrics
  • Oncology and haematology
  • Sexually abused children
  • Semi-intensive paediatrics

​Paediatric cardiology
Diagnostics and treatment of congenital abnormalities in heart and large vessels, inflammation in the heart muscle, conductive disturbance and disturbance of the rhythm. The department cooperates closely with the Department of Neonatology and the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery.

Paediatric rheumatology
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA), systemic, complex connective tissue diseases, including genetic, inflammatory diseases. Close cooperation exists within the fields of rheumatology, ophthalmology, orthopeadic surgery, odontology and radiology. Medical treatment increasingly include treatment with “biological” means.

The patient population is heterogeneous​​, ranging from children with chronic hepatitis B without fibrosis to seriously ill, decompensated children suffering from severe hepatic impacts from treatment of children with acute and chronic liver failure. About six children are transplanted per year. The work is carried out in close cooperation with the Department of Pediatric Surgery, the Department of Liver Transplants and the Adult Department of Hepatology.

Infection paediatrics and international paediatrics
The department is responsible for diagnostics and treatment of general paediatric infectious diseases as well as special infections arising in immune supprimed and other patients with chronic diseases.  In addition, the department examines and treats imported diseases in foreign adoptive children, immigrant children and children returned home from overseas travel. With regard to training and education, the department is part of the University of Copenhagen School of Global Health and teaches International Child Health in a number of different courses as well as in the Masters studies in International Health. The department also organises an annual course in a low-income country, in International Child Health, for Danish paediatricians and local physicians/doctors.

Bone marrow transplant
The semi-function of the Department of Pediatrics 2 is that of elucidation, treatment and check-ups of two overall patient groups; more specifically patients undergoing stem-cell transplant (allogenic and autologic), and patients with primary immune defects. The TXID function is the only one in Denmark to perform allogenic stem-cell transplant in children, and about 20 per year of such transplants are carried out. Transplanted patients are monitored after the procedure during admission on an outpatient basis until adulthood. Diagnoses leading to transplants are primarily leukaemia, benign haematological diseases, primary immune defects and certain genetically conditioned metabolism diseases.

Chronic lung diseases
Such diseases are treated in a semi-function of the Department of Pediatrics I, which is called the Danish ChildLung Centre (DB​LC. NB. In Danish). Cystic fibrosis (CF): The centre monitors 300 children and adults with CF. The centre is known for a tight micro-biological monitoring and an extremely aggressive strategy for pseudomonas infections in the lungs, which quite uniquely has meant that more than 80% of children and young people up to 20 years do not have a chronic infection.Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia (PCD): The department has a unique diagnostic and treatment regimen, based on international standards. 130 children and adults are followed through life, checked for chronic problems with pneumonia, lung destruction, chronic sinusitis and reduced hearing. chILD (children’s Interstitial Lung Diseases) are a group of diseases in and around the many millions of small pulmonary alveoluses (alveoluses) at the end of the smallest branching structures of the bronchial tree which might lead to lung fibrosis and potentially result in death. DBLC has the highest expertise within chILD and has a strong cooperation with the largest centre in the area in the US. 

Recurring, chronic renal pelvis inflammation, nephrotic syndrome, glomerulonephritis Kidney insufficiency (GFR below 30-60 ml/min compensated for surface) Tubulary disorders and nephrosclerosis, tubulary interstitial disorders as well as kidney-transplanted children together with the Department of Nephrology. Neuropaediatrics Severe treatable epilepsy, including epilepsy surgical elucidation and assessment.Neuromuscular diseases.Encephalitis, including neuro-immunological diseases.Progressive neurometabolic diseases.Severe cerebral paresis and dystonia requiring intrathecal baclofen pump treatment.

Oncology and haematology
The Paediatric Haematology and Oncology Unit is the largest within the Nordic countries.  The department performs diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of all children from East Denmark with suspected or confirmed malignant diseases, as well as children with certain severe, non-malignant haematological diseases. The department  treats malignant diseases according to Nordic, European, and other international collaborative treatment protocols.The department collaborates with several other units at Rigshospitalet, including radiology, nuclear medicine, specialised chromosome and haematology laboratories, all surgical specialities, and the radiotherapy unit.

Sexually abused children
The Team for Sexually Abused Children is a cross-disciplinary team organised under the Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine and the Department of Psychology, Play Therapy and Social Counselling, which handle medical and psycho-social treatment of children (0-15 years) who have been sexually abused. The treatment is aimed at the whole family and not just the child who has been violated. The physician and the nurse in the team cooperate closely with the medicolegal experts.

Semi-intensive paediatrics
A paediatric semi-intensive unit observes and treats critically ill children from they are newborn until the age of 15-18. The department is specialised in monitoring and treatment of all types of medical and surgical diseases in children. The unit is responsible for invasive monitoring of blood pressure and intensive care of circulatory insufficiency, non-evasive respiratory-supporting theray and continuous video EEG monitoring, etc.

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