EURODIAB standard fundus photographs

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Standard fundus photographs for diabetic retinopathy grading according to the EURODIAB standard. Color transparancy copies courtesy of Steve Aldington, Retinopathy Grading Centre, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, Hammersmith Hospital Campus, London. Digitization by the University of Copenhagen.


Fig. 1.
 Hemorrhages and microaneurysm (HMA) standard macular field fundus photographs 1 (left) and 2 (right) according to the EURODIAB diabetic retinopathy grading system.

Fig. 2. Hemorrhages and microaneurysm (HMA) standard disk/nasal field fundus photographs 1 (left) and 2 (right) according to the EURODIAB diabetic retinopathy grading system.

Fig. 3. Hard exudate (HE) standard macular field fundus photographs 1 (left) and 2 (right) according to the EURODIAB diabetic retinopathy grading system.

Fig. 4. Hard exudate (HE) standard disk/nasal field fundus photographs 1 (left) and 2 (right) according to the EURODIAB diabetic retinopathy grading system.

Fig. 5. Cotton wool spots (CWS) standard macular field fundus photographs 1 (left) and 2 (right) according to the EURODIAB diabetic retinopathy grading system.

Fig. 6. Cotton wool spots (CWS) standard disk/nasal field fundus photographs 1 (left) and 2 (right) according to the EURODIAB diabetic retinopathy grading system.

Fig. 7. Intraretinal microvascular abnormalities (IRMA) standard macular field fundus photographs 1 (left) and 2 (right) according to the EURODIAB diabetic retinopathy grading system.

Fig. 8. Intraretinal microvascular abnormalities (IRMA) standard disk/nasal field fundus photographs 1 (left) and 2 (right) according to the EURODIAB diabetic retinopathy grading system.

Fig. 9. Venous beading (VB) standard fundus photograph according to the EURODIAB diabetic retinopathy grading system.

Fig. 10. New vessels elsewhere (NVE) and new vessels disk (NVD) standard fundus photograph according to the EURODIAB diabetic retinopathy grading system.

Fig. 11. Fibrous proliferation elsewhere (FPE) standard fundus photograph according to the EURODIAB diabetic retinopathy grading system.

Fig. 12. Fibrous proliferation disk (FPD) standard fundus photographs 1 (left) and 2 (right) according to the EURODIAB diabetic retinopathy grading system. ​


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